What are the Innovations and Challenges in Modern Agriculture

India is one of the world’s largest and most diversified food producers, and agriculture is a vital sector of its economy. However, Indian agriculture also faces many challenges, such as low productivity, climate change, water scarcity, soil degradation, market inefficiencies, and low farmer incomes. To overcome these challenges, India needs to embrace digital innovation and technology in agriculture, or agtech.

In this blog, we will explore some of the innovations and challenges in modern agriculture in India, and how they can transform the sector and improve the livelihoods of millions of farmers. We will also discuss the opportunities and scope of pursuing a BSc or MSc degree in agriculture from the top agriculture college in MP, which can equip students with the skills and knowledge to become successful agripreneurs, researchers, or professionals in this field.

Table of Contents

  1. BSc and MSc Agriculture Course
  2. Innovations in Modern Agriculture
  3. Challenges in Modern Agriculture
    1. Adoption Barriers
    2. Policy Gaps
    3. Skill Gaps
    4. Infrastructure Gaps
  4. Support Innovation and Overcome Challenges at the Top Agriculture College in MP
  5. Conclusion
  6. FAQs

BSc and MSc Agriculture Course

Agriculture is a multidisciplinary science that encompasses various aspects of crop production, animal husbandry, soil science, plant pathology, entomology, agronomy, horticulture, biotechnology, agribusiness, extension, and more. A BSc or MSc degree in agriculture can provide students with a comprehensive understanding of these subjects and prepare them for a rewarding career in the agriculture sector.

To know more about these two popular courses that can be found even in the top agriculture college in MP, refer to the table below.




Course Name

Bachelor of Science in Agriculture

Master of Science in Agriculture





4 years

2 years


50% in 10+2 with PCB/M or Agriculture

50% in BSc Agriculture/ Horticulture or equivalent

Admission Process

Merit-based or entrance exam

Merit-based or entrance exam

Common Subjects

Crop Physiology, Genetics, Breeding, Pest Management, Soil Science, Irrigation Engineering, Farm Machinery, Agricultural Economics, Marketing, Statistics, etc.

Molecular Biology, Biotechnology, Bioinformatics, Nanotechnology, Climate Change Adaptation, Precision Farming, Organic Farming, etc.

Average Fee

INR 2 – 3 Lakhs

INR 2 – 5 Lakhs

Average Salary

INR 2 – 4.5 LPA


Innovations in Modern Agriculture

The advent of digital technologies and the emergence of various start-ups have revolutionised the Indian agriculture sector in recent years. Some of the innovations that are transforming agriculture in India and can now be found in the syllabi of BSc and MSc courses at the top agriculture college in MP are:

  • Drip Irrigation: A method that delivers water and nutrients directly to the roots of plants through pipes or tubes with small holes or emitters helping farmers save water, fertilizer, and energy, and increase crop yields and quality.
  • Crop Monitoring Systems: Devices or platforms that collect and analyse data from various sources, such as sensors, cameras, weather stations, etc., to provide real-time information and alerts to farmers. These systems help farmers to make timely and informed decisions and to prevent crop losses.
  • Agri-fintech: A term that refers to the use of digital technologies and innovations to provide financial services and solutions to farmers and agribusinesses, such as credit, insurance, payments, savings, investments, etc.
  • Precision Farming: A technique that uses sensors, satellites, drones, artificial intelligence, machine learning, and big data analytics to monitor and optimize various parameters of crop production. Precision farming can be found in the curriculum of almost every top agriculture college in MP and elsewhere as it helps farmers to reduce input costs, increase productivity, improve quality, and enhance sustainability.
  • Agri-marketplaces: Online platforms that connect farmers with buyers, sellers, service providers, and other stakeholders in the agriculture value chain. These online marketplaces help farmers access quality inputs, sell their produce at fair prices, access market information and intelligence, and reduce intermediaries and transaction costs.

Challenges in Modern Agriculture

Despite the potential and promise of these innovations, Indian agriculture still faces many challenges that need to be addressed to realize its full potential. Some of the challenges that the best private agriculture college in Bhopal and other places aim to solve through education are as follows.

Adoption Barriers

Many farmers in India are reluctant or unable to adopt new technologies and innovations due to various factors, such as lack of awareness, knowledge, skills, trust, infrastructure, affordability, accessibility, etc. There is a need to create more awareness and education among farmers about the benefits and usage of these innovations and to provide them with adequate support and incentives to adopt them.

Policy Gaps

The regulatory environment in India is not conducive to the growth and development of the ag-tech sector. There are many policy gaps and ambiguities that hinder the innovation and adoption of new technologies and solutions in agriculture, such as data privacy, intellectual property rights, quality standards, taxation, etc. Graduates from the top agriculture college in MP who get into the regulatory sector need to create a more enabling and supportive policy framework that fosters innovation and collaboration in the ag-tech sector.

Skill Gaps

The rapid changes and advancements in the ag-tech sector require new skills and competencies for both farmers and professionals in the sector. There is a shortage of skilled and qualified human resources in the ag-tech sector, such as agronomists, data scientists, engineers, developers, etc. There is a need to develop and upgrade the skills and capacities of both farmers and professionals in the ag-tech sector through training, education from BSc agriculture college in MP, certification, etc.

Infrastructure Gaps

The infrastructure in India is inadequate and insufficient to support the adoption and scaling of new technologies and innovations in agriculture. There are many infrastructure gaps and bottlenecks that affect the performance and efficiency of the ag-tech sector, such as poor connectivity, power supply, storage facilities, transportation networks, etc.

Support Innovation and Overcome Challenges at the Top Agriculture College in MP

A BSc or MSc degree in agriculture from a university in Bhopal or elsewhere can open up various career opportunities for students in both public and private sectors. Some of the job roles that students can pursue after completing their degree from Mansarovar Global University to support innovation and overcome challenges in the agricultural sector in India are listed below.

Job Role

Average Salary

Agricultural Officer


Agricultural Research Scientist




Agricultural Educator (Lecturer)



Modern agriculture in India is undergoing a digital transformation that offers many opportunities and challenges for both farmers and ag-tech players. The adoption of new technologies and innovations that are even taught in the top agriculture college in MP can help Indian agriculture overcome its existing problems and achieve its potential as a driver of economic growth and social development.

However, there are also many barriers and gaps that need to be addressed to ensure that these innovations are accessible, affordable, effective, and inclusive for all farmers. A degree in agriculture from a BSc or MSc agriculture college in MP can equip students with the knowledge and skills to become part of this transformation and contribute to the advancement of Indian agriculture.


1. Does MGU offer agriculture courses other than BSc and MSc in Agriculture?

Yes, other than MSc and BSc in Agriculture, MGU also offers a Diploma and a BSc Hons. program in Agriculture.

2. What are some other BSc Agriculture jobs?

Some other jobs that you can get with a BSc in Agriculture include those of an Assistant Plantation Manager, Agriculture Development Officer, Agriculture Technician, Business Development Executive, Marketing Executive, etc.

3. What are some other MSc Agriculture jobs?

Some other jobs that you can get with an MSc in Agriculture include those of an Agriculture Manager, Farm Manager, Food Inspector, etc.

4. Do I need to sit for any entrance exam to qualify for the Agricultural courses at MGU?

No, you don’t need to sit for any entrance exam to qualify for the Agricultural courses at MGU.

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